Adjuvant Therapy Treatments for Lung Cancer - Lung Cancer
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Besides surgery, there are other
types of treatments that can be used to cure lung cancer. They are called
adjuvant therapy. These therapy treatments are used to ensure that every cancer
cell left behind after surgery is completely exterminated, it also ensures that
the cancer does not return after treatment. Below are the adjuvant therapies.
Radiation therapy involves the
use of high energy x-rays to kill cancer cells or prevent them from growing.
Radiation therapy cannot be used to treat lung cancer that has already spread,
it only kills cancer cells that are directly in the part of the radiation beam.
There are two types of radiation therapy, these are
- External radiation therapy: this
involves the use of a machine outside the body to send radiation beam towards
the direction of the cancer.
- Internal radiation therapy: this
involves the use of radioactive substances sealed in a needle or any safe
enclosed container so that it will be implanted directly on the cancer.
- Chemotherapy: This involves the use of drugs to
kill cancer cells thereby preventing the growth and further division. Chemotherapy
drugs can be taken through the mouth or through injection, when the drug is
being taken in, it passes through the blood stream to the location of cancer
- Targeted Therapy: Targeted therapy involves the use
of drugs and other substances to target specific cancer cells and other tissues
that contributed to the growth of cancer cells. Targeted therapy blocks the
growth and spread of cancer cells without harming normal cells. The two types
of targeted therapy used in the treatment of lung cancer are monoclonal
antibodies and tyrosine kinase inhibitors, the former involves the use of
antibodies to block the growth of cancer, while the later involves the use of
- Laser Therapy: This involves the use of a laser
beam of to destroy cancer cells.
- Photodynamic Therapy: This involves the use of a
certain drug and a certain beam of light to kill cancer cells. The drug will
not be effective except it is being exposed to the laser light as it is being
injected into the vein. Fireoptic tubes are used to direct the light to the
cancer cells so that the drug will be active and it will destroy cancer cells.
- Anti-angiogenesis Therapy: This treatment is focused on
stopping angiogenesis; which is the process of making new blood vessels. Lung
cancer cell requires nutrients delivered by blood vessels to grow, for this
reason an anti-angiogenic drug is being taken with chemotherapy to prevent the
cancer tumor from receiving nutrient to grow.
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