External beam radiation therapy uses a high-energy x-ray machine called a linear accelerator (linac) and Telecoblat machines is to direct radiation to the tumour. The procedure lasts a few minutes, and is typically repeated several times a week over several months. The external beam radiation therapy are shown below in the figure (a)
Types of external beam radiation treatments include:
Three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (3DCRT) is a technique where the tumour is mapped with imaging equipment and then treated with multiple beams of radiation.
Proton beam radiation therapy, similar to 3D conformal radiation therapy, this technique uses protons, instead of x-rays, to kill the tumour. Protons are parts of atoms that can pass through healthy tissues with little damage, and destroy tumour cells at the end of their path. As a result, proton beam therapy may be able to deliver more radiation to the tumour while not affecting healthy tissue near the cancer.
Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) is a treatment method in which the intensity of the radiation can be changed during treatment. In conventional therapy, intensity is set for the entire treatment session.
Figure : planning simulation used by a radiation oncologist. Left images show larger dose via 3D conformal radiation therapy; right images show smaller dose with IMRT.
Benefits and risks of external beam therapy:
1. Pick out the external beam radiation therapy technique,
1. d) All